Sadaqah in Islam and Dāna in Hinduism: A Descriptive Study
Keywords:Al-Sadaqah, Islam, Dāna, Hinduism, well-being
Conducting charity is the most common way of helping those who are in need yet in terms of reward and impact it is the most significant deed. This article attempts to discuss the concept of charity as detailed in the scriptures of Islam and Hinduism. It discusses and analyzes the different aspects of charitable giving in the light of the Quranic verses, Prophetic traditions and the sacred books of Hinduism. The primary purpose of selecting this topic is to highlight and appreciate the richness of the traditions of giving in both the religions. This article explores, describes and analyzes various aspects of charity in Islam and Hinduism. A significant part of Quranic verses and Prophetic traditions talk about giving charity, its importance in the life of a believer and a Muslim society, the etiquettes, the components and the rewards of charitable giving. Similarly, there is a huge part of sacred Hindu texts which deals with the concept of spending one’s wealth as charity, in great length. The twin concepts of Sadaqah and Dāna have been described in this paper, followed by a discussion on their components, significance, etiquettes and principles. Conducting charity generously is a very appreciated deed according to the Quranic verses and the one who performs it is promised endless rewards in this world and the next. Similarly, the texts of Hinduism signify the act of being charitable and encourage a devoted Hindu to perform this meritorious deed in return for various imperishable treats in this world and the next as well.